Cambronne, Pierre-Jacques-Étienne, viscount
- (1770-1842)military figureBorn in Nantes, Pierre-Jacques-Étienne, viscount Cambronne, joined the army as a volunteer in 1792 and took part in the military campaigns of the Revolution and the Empire, being named brigadier, then major general in the Imperial Guard. Having accompanied Napoléon Bonaparte (see napoléon i) to Elba (1814), he returned with him in 1815, during the hundred days and was made a count and a peer of France. During the Battle of Waterloo (June 1815), he was part of the "last division" of the Old Guard and, summoned to surrender, according to tradition famously replied, "the Guard dies, it does not surrender" (a phrase that would later be used by victor hugo in his Les Misérables). At the Battle of Waterloo, Cambronne was wounded and was taken prisoner to England. Upon his return to France, he was tried before a military tribunal. Defended by pierre berryer, he was acquitted and shortly after was given the command of a post at Lille.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pierre Cambronne — Pierre Jacques Étienne Cambronne, later Pierre, Viscount Cambronne (26 December 1770 ndash; 29 January 1842), was a General of the French Empire. He fought during the wars of the Revolution and the Napoleonic Era. He was wounded at the Battle of… … Wikipedia
Horatio Hornblower — Admiral of the Fleet Horatio Hornblower, 1st Baron Hornblower, GCB, is a fictional protagonist of a series of novels by C. S. Forester, and later the subject of films and television programs. Ernest Hemingway is quoted as saying, I recommend… … Wikipedia
Liste von Militärs/C — Militärpersonen A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q … Deutsch Wikipedia
Order of battle of the Waterloo Campaign — This is the complete order of battle for the four major battles of the Waterloo Campaign. v … Wikipedia